Spain’s Post-Election Scenarios Unveiled

New elections, renewal in extremis of Socialist Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez, or right-wing minority government: what are the possible scenarios after Sunday’s legislative elections in Spain, which did not result in a clear majority?

– A right-wing government –

Given the winner by all the polls, the People’s Party (right) actually came out on top in the polls, but far from its expectations.

With 136 seats, he remains far from the absolute majority of 176 seats in Parliament, even with the support of the 33 deputies of the far-right Vox party, his only potential ally.

As the winner of the ballot, the PP candidate, Alberto Núñez Feijóo, claims the right to govern in a minority and hastened to “ask the Socialist Party” of Mr. Sánchez “and other political forces not to block (the formation of a) government” PP.

“No Spanish prime minister has governed after losing the elections,” he stressed, addressing Mr. Sánchez.

But “the problem of the PP is that it needs the support of Vox and other parties to govern. However, regionalist parties such as the Basque Nationalist Party will find it very difficult to support a government that includes Vox”, a party that violently attacks these parties which it considers “enemies of Spain”, underlines Antonio Barroso, analyst at the Teneo cabinet.

The PP could also manage to form a government if the Socialists abstain in a nomination vote, but they have already said they will not.

– Sánchez holds steady…within a few seats –

This is what Alberto Núñez Feijóo fears.

Coming second, the Socialist Party (PSOE) of Pedro Sánchez, who called this early election after the debacle of his camp in the local elections in order to try to take the right by surprise, has 122 seats and can count on the 31 of Sumar, his radical left ally.

To have a chance of staying in power, the left will also have to secure the support of small regionalist parties, as it has been able to do in recent years. Among them, the Catalans of ERC (Republican Left of Catalonia) or the Basques of Bildu, a formation considered to be the heir to the political showcase of the armed organization ETA.

But that will not be enough: he will also have to rely on the abstention of the Junts per Catalunya (JxCat) party. Its leaders, including the famous separatist Carles Puigdemont, have already made it clear that such an eventuality would have counterparts.

If these conditions are met, Mr Sánchez could have the support of 172 deputies, barely more than the PP-Vox alliance, but it would be enough in a second investiture vote, where only a simple majority is required.

– New elections –

This is the hypothesis that seems most likely, in the opinion of analysts.

If neither of the two blocs of left and right manages to govern, new elections will inevitably be called, a priori by the end of the year.

In detail, the new Parliament will be constituted on August 17. The parties can then negotiate, without time limit, to try to find a majority.

From the moment a vote of investiture fails, the Head of State, King Felipe VI, must on the other hand dissolve Parliament two months after this date and call new elections.

A deadlock situation that Spain knows well since between 2015 and 2019, the country had four legislative elections.

This article is originally published on


Previous post Belgium prohibits conversion practices, what it means
Next post Spain Safeguards European Green Deal